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Terms of Reference - Zimbabwe Migration and Development Strategies Project Final Evaluation
International Organisation for Migration (IOM)

Deadline: 22 October 2010

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1. Introduction

The poor economic situation prevailing in Zimbabwe has led to multiple and complex migration issues characterized by high levels of brain drain, cross border mobility and irregular migration. Breadwinners and in many cases entire families have migrated to other centers or across borders in search of better employment opportunities. Skill areas affected include, but are not limited to medicine, education, engineering, surveying, architecture, audiology, veterinary medicine and forensic science. The loss of skills is of growing concern as it has negatively impacted on service delivery. While the foregoing illustrates the magnitude of the migration challenges that Zimbabwe has been facing, the capacity of the Government of Zimbabwe to manage these multi-faceted migration issues so as to reduce the negative aspects of migration and enhance its positive impact were constrained by lack of a comprehensive and coherent legal, institutional and policy framework for implementing migration practices in an integrated manner. Up until March 2008 there was no institutional framework that spearheaded the day to day migration and development issues within the Government o Zimbabwe (GoZ). Migration issues were dealt with by officials in several stakeholder Ministries, with no or limited coordination and without following a common strategy. The core responsibilities of these officials were not related to migration and development. Consequently, migration and development tasks tended to lag behind. The lack of adequate data and analysis of the nature and extent of factors driving migration further limited the ability of the government to devise appropriate policies and programmes focusing on the management of migration for national benefit.

In response to the lack of a coherent migration and development framework, the GoZ in collaboration with the International Organization for Migration (IOM) and with financial support from the European Union (EU) have been implementing a project entitled "Zimbabwe Migration and Development Strategies" since November 2007 to address the above issues thereby enhancing the development impact of migration in Zimbabwe.

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