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evaluation of the National Gender & Women's Empowerment
Strategy & Action Plan & Gender Support Programme
2 July 2010
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The United Nations
Development Fund for Women (UNIFEM) is the Women's Fund at the United
Nations. It provides financial and technical assistance to innovative
programmes and strategies that promote women's human rights, political
participation and economic security. Placing the realization of
women's human rights and security is at the centre of all its efforts.
UNIFEM promotes gender equality and links women's issues and concerns
to national, regional and global agendas fostering collaboration
and providing technical expertise on gender mainstreaming and women's
In 2006/7 a
Gender Scoping Study (GSS), was commissioned by five donors (EC,
DFID, USAID, CIDA and SIDA) in Zimbabwe due to shared concern over
the fragmented approach to gender and women's empowerment programming
and lack of clarity on mapping of stakeholders in the gender sector.
The study revealed the non presence of a working body for the gender
sector, which led to limited coordination at all levels; poor funding
of the sector and non-existence of monitoring and evaluation systems
to track progress within the sector and make corrective measures.
The lack of a coordinated approach led to duplication of effort,
inefficiencies and ineffectiveness in programming and made it difficult
to identify gaps and priorities in the sector.
shortcomings pointed to the need to establish an implementation
and management structure that is well coordinated with harmonized
approach in the development and implementation of strategies and
actions in the sector. The three year National Gender and Women's
Empowerment Strategy and Action Plan (NGWESAP) 2008- 2011 was developed
to address the above highlighted problems. The strategy was agreed
after nation-wide consultative efforts by various stakeholders within
the gender and women 's empowerment sector and is a working framework
for implementation of strategies and actions in the gender sector.
It is aimed at streamlining the work of the sector towards maximum
impact on the lived realities of women, avoidance of duplication
of effort, greater complementarities and coordination between and
among CSOs/CBOs and donors.
the Paris Declaration on Aid Effectiveness, basket funding was recommended
as the preferred option to support the gender and women's empowerment
sector in Zimbabwe giving birth to the Gender Support Programme
(GSP). In this arrangement, UNIFEM was selected as fund manager
based on its neutrality and preexisting arrangement with the European
Commission (EC) funds for Women Coalition of Zimbabwe (WCoZ) membership.
Over time, other donors namely DFID and The Royal Danish Embassy
made contributions to this fund which is now in excess of five million
The Gender Support
Programme is guided by 5 thematic areas prioritized and selected
by stakeholders during the consultative process, these are:
- Women and
- Women in
- Women and
- Women and
- Women migration,
forced displacement and trafficking.
For all the
above thematic areas there are cross-cutting issues, specifically
Legal reform; Gender Budgeting; Disability; Gender and labour; Targeting
and Male involvement.. Programmatic cross-cutting issues to be mainstreamed
in all the thematic areas include Research and documentation, Institutional
Capacity Strengthening and Strategic partnerships.
Each year UNIFEM
puts out a call for proposals on the above thematic areas. These
calls are responded to by several Women's organizations, FBOs',
CBOs' and other groups that have the interests of women as their
top priority. In 2009, UNIFEM made two calls for proposals and a
total of 30 Grantees were successful. The grantees are meant to
ensure the fulfilment of the thematic areas. Institutional assessments
and monitoring visits of GSP grantees have been conducted with the
aim of assessing impact, results and implementation of activities.
Mid-Term Evaluation is necessitated by three major forces; firstly,
both NGWESAP and GSP are halfway to completion thus the need for
a midterm reflection to inform future programming. Secondly, NGWESAP
and GSP were conceived when Zimbabwe was undergoing a humanitarian
crisis. However, with the signing of the Global Political Agreement,
and the enactment of the Inclusive Government, Zimbabwe is now in
a transitional period, this shift in the socio political and economic
environment necessitates a Mid-Term Evaluation of the priorities
set out in NGWESAP which informs GSP. Thirdly, a midterm Mid-Term
Evaluation is in fulfilment of donor requirements and in conformity
to UNIFEM's Evaluation Policy.
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