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This article participates on the following special index pages:
Operation Murambatsvina - Countrywide evictions of urban poor - Index of articles
for proposals: Livelihood interventions for internally displaced,
at-risk and host communities
International Organisation for Migration (IOM)
24 February 2010
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The International Organization
for Migration (IOM) would like to work with national and international
non-governmental organizations to promote recovery through improved
livelihood opportunities to benefit Internally Displaced Persons
(IDPs), communities at risk of displacement, and host communities.
To that end, IOM invites
all interested organizations to submit an Organization Profile and
Concept Note in accordance with the guidance provided in this Call
IOM reserves the right
to fund any or none of the applications received.
are no official statistics accurately quantifying the magnitude
of displacement in Zimbabwe, a significant number of people have
been uprooted or placed at high risk of displacement in the last
decade throughout the country. Causes of displacement include the
land reform, government operations with code name "Murambatsvina"
(Operation Restore Order) and "Chikorokoza Chapera"
(end illegal mining), political violence surrounding the protracted
2008 elections and widespread floods. In light of IOM's mandate
to assist vulnerable migrants, and due to the difficulty of access
to displaced communities and the political sensitivities involved
in working with this category of vulnerable population, IOM and
a few implementing partners have worked almost alone in assisting
IDP communities for several years. Compounding these access challenges,
many IDP communities were not recognized officially, which made
it very difficult for organizations to design and negotiate programs
to assist them.
To the extent necessary
and affordable, IOM has endeavored to provide IDP communities with
a comprehensive assistance package with assistance ranging from
non-food item (NFI) kits supplied soon after displacement to durable
shelter solutions. Between 2006 and 2009, IOM has assisted over
half a million displaced persons and other vulnerable persons affected
by displacement. IOM has often worked with partners in the delivery
of this assistance.
There are significant
differences in economic wellbeing among IDP communities, depending
on many factors, including how much time has transpired since the
displacement and the communities' access to land. IOM conducted
a rapid assessment of 295 communities between February and May 2009
and concluded that 13% of these communities were still in an emergency
phase while 87% were in an early recovery/reintegration phase.
Since that rapid assessment,
new displacements and related vulnerabilities have continued to
arise as farms are taken over by new owners and farm workers are
evicted from their homes or have lots their access to livelihoods.
The figures vary dramatically according to source as to the number
of new households affected by farm invasions: IOM has recorded over
5,000 households that resided in farms that were taken over in 2009,
many of whom have been evicted by the new owners.
Recently new opportunities
have arisen to coordinate with government departments and non-governmental
organizations to integrate IDPs and other vulnerable groups into
these organizations' regular relief, emergency and recovery
programs. Integration aims to enable IDPs to participate as full
beneficiaries of these programs and to ensure that IDPs and their
host communities are supported together. IOM actively pursues this
"integration approach" through its leadership of the
inter-institutional working group on mobile and vulnerable populations
and continuous networking with local authorities and stakeholders,
including humanitarian and development organizations with programs
that could benefit IDPs.
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