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of Reference - Evaluation of IOM's Livelihood Projects in Zimbabwe
International Organisation for Migration (IOM)
30 September 2009
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Since 2003, the International
Organization for Migration (IOM) has been providing humanitarian
assistance to several groups, collectively referred to as Mobile
and Vulnerable Populations or MVPs who have either been internally
displaced within the country or at risk of displacement. These groups
include: ex-farm workers who lost their livelihood as a result of
the Government of Zimbabwe's Fast-track Land Reform Programme,
families that were displaced by Operation Restore Order (ORO) and
Operation "chikorokoza chapera" (end illegal mining).
IOM also provided assistance to flood victims and expanded the scope
of its interventions to cover victims of politically motivated violence
(VPVs) that resulted from the post-March 2008 harmonised elections.
With support from the donor community, IOM has been implementing
its Humanitarian Assistance Programme to MVPs, currently implemented
in 26 districts across the country.
The purchasing power
and quality of life of most Zimbabweans have been severely affected
by the socioeconomic crisis of the last nine years characterised
by hyper inflation, falling real per capita incomes, and high rates
of unemployment. MVP communities are further rendered vulnerable
given their loss of access to land, livelihood, shelter, and basic
Particularly during the
last four years, Mobile and Vulnerable Communities under IOM assistance
have benefited from an array of assistance ranging from emergency
food, non-food items (NFIs), water, sanitation and hygiene (WASH),
livelihood and mainstreaming of gender-based violence (GBV), protection
and HIV/AIDS information.. IOM has assisted some 34,000 households
in 18 districts from 2007 through the present through livelihood
interventions consisting of a food security component, including
creation of micro-enterprises in various trades; small-scale livestock
distribution; promotion of vocational skills; and agricultural inputs.
Note: the majority of these beneficiaries were assisted through
Donor reviews and independent
research commissioned by IOM have confirmed that livelihood interventions
are one of the pillars to bridge relief and recovery assistance
as they offer more sustainable solutions for MVPs, and therefore
a strong component for an exit strategy.
of the evaluation
The major objective of
implementing livelihood activities is to ensure that MVP households
are food secure and have access to viable incomes. It is expected
that such assistance will allow beneficiaries to gradually become
less dependent on food/relief handouts and enable them to meet some
of the basic social service requirements, i.e. schooling for the
children and health care.
IOM seeks to assess the
degree to which it has successfully and efficiently met this major
objective visà- vis beneficiaries assisted from 2007 until
present, as well as to receive action-oriented recommendations to
improve its livelihood activities going forward. Therefore, IOM
intends to engage an evaluation consultant/team to undertake an
Moreover, IOM Zimbabwe
is developing an overall strategy relating to livelihoods, not only
within its support to MVP communities but also to assist other vulnerable
groups, including returnees. This evaluation will be an important
input to the mission's strategic approach to livelihoods in
Zimbabwe. The evaluation results will remain however confidential
and with restricted distribution within IOM and to donors of its
livelihoods interventions, mainly due to the sensitivity of some
of those projects.
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