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  • COPAC's list of constitutional principles - Constitution Watch
    February 22, 2012

    COPAC Releases List of Constitutional Principles

    COPAC yesterday released a document, signed by all three COPAC co-chairs, setting out the 26 constitutional principles guiding the drafting of the new constitution. This document is one of those produced by the pre-drafting workshop held by COPAC in November 2011. The full text is as follows:

    List of Constitutional Principles

    The following are the constitutional principles guiding the drafting of the new constitution for Zimbabwe:

    1. Supremacy of the constitution

    2. Recognition of Zimbabwe’s liberation, democracy, sovereignty of the state and its people

    3. Recognition of the principle of separation of powers

    4. Recognition of land and natural resources as belonging to all Zimbabweans

    5. The constitution should contain mechanisms of redressing colonial imbalances in the distribution of natural resources including land

    6. The new constitution must ensure the maintenance of unity, in diversity, peace, stability, security and prosperity for all the people of Zimbabwe

    7. Recognition of the rule of law, good governance and democracy

    8. Recognition that power to rule and govern must be derived from the authority of the people

    9. The recognition of fundamental human rights

    10. All organs of the state to respect, protect, promote and fulfil the rights and freedoms spelt out in the Bill of Rights

    11. Recognition of the principle of decentralisation

    12. Recognition of the principle of devolution of power

    13. Recognition of gender equality and gender mainstreaming in all spheres of governance

    14. The recognition of the rights of children, the youth, the disabled, women, workers and vulnerable groups

    15. The recognition of universal adult suffrage

    16. The recognition of the importance of an electoral system that guarantees regular, free and fair and effective elections that ensure adequate representation of the electorate

    17. Recognition of the importance of Bill of Rights by entrenching it in the constitution and its justiciability

    18. Recognition of the principle of checks and balances among the levels of government and the Arms of the State

    19. Recognition of the need for equitable resource sharing mechanisms

    20. Recognition of the rights of racial, ethnic, cultural, linguistic, religious and political minorities

    21. That the management of public finances should be informed by transparency, responsiveness, accountability, responsibility, integrity and equity

    22. All arms of state must uphold the principles of democracy and good governance

    23. Recognition of the principle of constitutional transition and orderly transfer of power

    24. All Arms of State must uphold the constitution, respect human rights, be non-partisan and professional

    25. The constitution must recognise the diversity of languages, customary practices and traditions and must seek to protect and promote these

    26. The institution, status and role of traditional leadership, according to indigenous law, shall be spelt out and recognised in the constitution

    Signed by Hon MP Mangwana, Co-chair; Hon DT Mwonzora, Co-chair; Hon ET Mkhosi, Co-chair

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