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SADC Organ Summit and Communique - Bill Watch 14/2011
April 01, 2011
Organ Troika Summit: Livingstone 31st March: Stern Words on Zimbabwe
Summit of the Organ on Politics, Defence and Security Cooperation
met in Livingstone, Zambia, on 31st March to consider the political
and security situation in the region, in particular in Madagascar
The Organ Troika Summit was attended by all the three Troika members,
the current chairperson of the Troika, Zambian President Banda,
the deputy chairperson and the to-be next chairperson, South African
President Zuma and the last chairperson, Mozambican President Guebuza,
and also by the current SADC chairperson President Pohamba of Namibia.
The official communiqué lists as “also in attendance”
Zimbabwe President Mugabe, Prime Minister Tsvangirai, Deputy Prime
Minister Mutambara and Professor Ncube [so SADC did not “snub”
Professor Ncube as the State press reported].
Opening Speech: President Banda’s opening speech referred
to this year’s events in North Africa: “If there is
anything that we must learn from the upheavals going on in the northern
part of our continent, it is that the legitimate expectations of
the citizens of our countries cannot be taken for granted. We must,
therefore, continue at the SADC level to consolidate democracy through
the establishment of institutions that uphold the tenets of good
government, respect for human rights and the rule of law.”
the Madagascan situation at some length the Summit discussed Zimbabwe.
The Summit received the report on the political and security situation
from President Zuma as SADC Facilitator for Zimbabwe and, using
the strongest words yet to emerge publicly from a SADC meeting about
the situation in this country, made the following comments and resolutions:
on Zimbabwe from the Summit Communiqué
Zimbabwe, Summit received the report on the political and security
situation in the country as presented by the SADC Facilitator H.E.
Jacob Zuma, the President of the Republic of South Africa.
14. Summit appreciated
the frankness with which the report was presented by the SADC Facilitator
and commended him for the work that he has been doing on behalf
15. Summit recalled
past SADC decisions on the implementation of the GPA
and noted with disappointment insufficient progress thereof and
expressed its impatience in the delay of the implementation of the
16. Summit noted
with grave concern the polarization of the political environment
as characterized by, inter alia, resurgence of violence, arrests
and intimidation in Zimbabwe.
17. In view
of the above, Summit resolved that:
(a) there must
be an immediate end of violence, intimidation, hate speech, harassment,
and any other form of action that contradicts the letter and spirit
(b) all stakeholders
to the GPA should implement all the provisions of the GPA and create
a conducive environment for peace, security, and free political
(c) the Inclusive
Government in Zimbabwe should complete all the steps necessary for
the holding of the election including the finalisation of the constitutional
amendment and the referendum;
(d) SADC should
assist Zimbabwe to formulate guidelines that will assist in holding
an election that will be peaceful, free and fair, in accordance
with the SADC Principles
and Guidelines Governing Democratic Elections;
(e) the Troika
of the Organ shall appoint a team of officials to join the Facilitation
Team and work with the Joint Monitoring and Implementation Committee
(JOMIC) to ensure monitoring, evaluation and implementation of the
GPA. The Troika shall develop the Terms of Reference, time frames
and provide regular progress report, the first, to be presented
during the next SADC Extraordinary Summit. Summit will review progress
on the implementation of GPA and take appropriate action.
18. Summit endorsed
the report of the SADC Facilitation on Zimbabwe.”
Involvement: Apart from the stronger than usual language, the really
new element emerging from the Summit is captured by paragraph 17(e)
of the communiqué - the new team of officials from the Organ
on Politics, Defence and Security Cooperation to beef up monitoring,
evaluation and implementation of the GPA.
Reaction Speaking the day after the Summit President Mugabe downplayed
the Summit outcome, reassuring the ZANU-PF Central Committee that
“We will not brook any dictation from any source. We are a
sovereign country. Even our neighbours cannot dictate to us. We
will resist that. ….. The facilitator is the facilitator and
must facilitate dialogue. He cannot prescribe anything. We prescribe
what we should do in accordance with our laws and our agreement."
Team Here Next Week
lead negotiator, Patrick Chinamasa, told reporters on returning
from the Summit that the roadmap to elections would be completed
by the party negotiators on Monday 4th April and the SA facilitation
team would be invited to Harare to discuss it on Wednesday.
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