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leaders fail to agree – Bill Watch Special 20/2009
January 20, 2009
meeting between the three party leaders ended without agreement
having been reached
to the Inter-Party Agreement met yesterday under the auspices of
a delegation chaired by President Motlanthe, SADC Chairman, President
Guebuza of Mozambique, Deputy Chairman of the SADC Organ on Politics,
Defence and Security and former South African President Thabo Mbeki,
the facilitator in the Zimbabwe Inter-Party Dialogue. The meeting
started at midday and went on for 12 hours.
Secretary Salomao told a press briefing afterwards that the meeting
was “not conclusive” and that President Motlanthe would
report back to an extraordinary SADC Summit to be held early next
week. He said the emergency summit would discuss Tsvangirai's demands.
"After then, a public statement will be made," Salomao
said. The SADC meeting is scheduled for Monday 26th in either Johannesburg
of what took place
with the SADC delegation was preceded by a meeting of Mr Mugabe
and Mr Tsvangirai, in which it was reported off the record that
Mr Tsvangirai raised the issues of abductions and the detention
of members of the MDC and civil society. The principals then met
with the SADC delegation. The question of the violence against MDC
was again raised. There was no response from SADC on this issue.
The SADC delegation
brought with them a proposed agreement for signature by the three
principals [Below] based on the decision of the SADC meeting of
9th November 2008 – in spite of the fact that MDC had said
it did not accept this decision and that SADC had not at this meeting
facilitated a mutually acceptable position.
It should be
noted that the SADC proposal in no way takes on board the MDC-T
position which they have maintained since September that outstanding
matters must be settled before the formation of the Inclusive Government.
It has taken on board Mr Mugabe’s position that outstanding
issues be settled after the Inclusive Government is formed.
The SADC proposal
would make provision for Mr Tsvangirai to be sworn in by 24th January,
before the Government has been formed. The suggestion of leaving
provincial governors in place until a vacancy occurs is against
what was agreed in the MoU
and gives ZANU-PF a majority in the Senate. To leave conflict resolution
to the Joint Monitoring and Implementation Committee which according
the IPA would only meet “from time to time” and has
no effective power, in the face of outstanding differences, is of
dubious practical value.
Mr Mugabe and
Mr Mutambara according to the state press and ‘leaked”
reports indicated that they were happy with the proposal and prepared
to sign it. Mr Mugabe blamed Mr Tsvangirai for the breakdown in
the talks, but did concede that the talks would continue.
did not agree to the SADC proposals, but put forward proposals of
his own [Attached] which Mr Salomao said the SADC summit would consider.
Mr Tsvangirai went on to say "For us as the MDC, this is probably
the darkest day of our lives.” He reiterated that the MDC
was committed to the deal, but only if Mr Mugabe cedes control of
powerful ministries, such as home affairs, finance and information.
among the Zimbabwe political leaders on the implementation of the
"agreement between the Zimbabwe African National Union-Patriotic
Front and the two Movement for Democratic Change formations, on
resolving the challenges facing Zimbabwe" (hereinafter referred
to as "the agreement")
held in Harare, Zimbabwe, on 19 January 2009, the Principals hereby
agree to the following:
- Proceed immediately
with the formation of the Inclusive Government as prescribed in
- To support
the adoption of the Constitution of Zimbabwe Amendment 19 at the
sitting of Parliament on Tuesday 20 January 2009
- To swear-in
the Prime Minister and Deputy Prime Ministers by 24 January 2009
and thereafter proceed to appoint ministers
- The MDC-T
shall submit a draft Bill on the National Security Council for
consideration by the Parties by 24 January 2009
- At the end
of the contract of the incumbent Governors or should vacancies
arise, the posts will be shared amongst the Parties, according
to agreed formula
- The allocation
of ministerial portfolios shall be reviewed six (6) months after
the inauguration of the Cabinet as per the decision of the Sadc
Extraordinary Summit held in Sandton, South Africa, on 9 November
issues raised by MDC-T shall be dealt with:
In terms of
Article XXII, Paragraph 22.4 of the Agreement, which states:
Monitoring and Implementation Committee (JOMIC) shall be the principal
body dealing with the issues of compliance and monitoring of this
Agreement and to that end, the Parties hereby undertake to channel
all complaints, grievances, concerns and issues relating to the
compliance with this Agreement through JOMIC and to refrain from
any conduct which might undermine the spirit of co-operation necessary
for the fulfilment of this Agreement"; and/or by
the Inclusive Government after its formation.
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