THE NGO NETWORK ALLIANCE PROJECT - an online community for Zimbabwean activists  
 View archive by sector
 
 
    HOME THE PROJECT DIRECTORYJOINARCHIVESEARCH E:ACTIVISMBLOGSMSFREEDOM FONELINKS CONTACT US
 

 


Back to Index

Broadcasting Services Act, 2001
Incorporates Act 3/2001, 22/2001 (s. 4)1 , 26/2001 (s. 10)2 ; 6/20033
September 19, 2003

Contents

PART I

Preliminary

1. Title
2. Interpretation

 

1   Title   TOP

This Act may be cited as the Broadcasting Services Act [Chapter 12:06].1

 

2   Interpretation   TOP

(1) In this Act—

"advertising agent" means a person whose sole or principal business is the making or placing of commercial advertisements on behalf of others;

"apparatus", in relation to broadcasting apparatus, means apparatus constructed or adapted for use in transmitting or receiving broadcasting services;

"applicant" means an applicant for a licence;

"Authority" means the Broadcasting Authority of Zimbabwe established by section 3;

"Board" means the Broadcasting Authority of Zimbabwe Board established by section 4;

"broadcasting licence" means a broadcasting licence issued in terms of section 10;

"broadcasting service" means any service which delivers television or radio programmes to persons having equipment appropriate for receiving that service, whether the delivery is effected by means of or uses the radiofrequency spectrum, cable, optical fibre, satellite or any other means or a combination of those means, and includes any of the services referred to in paragraphs (a) to (j) of subsection (2) of section 7;

"broadcasting service bands" means—

(a) that part of the electromagnetic radiofrequency spectrum which is allocated to the Authority by the Postal and Telecommunications Authority for planning and allocation for broadcasting purposes in terms of this Act; and

(b) designated to be such by the Minister by notice in the Gazette;

"broadcasting station" means a radio or television transmitting station used for the purposes of carrying on a broadcasting service;

"broadcasting system" includes a signal carrier or radio transmitting station used for the purpose of transmitting a broadcasting service;

"cable broadcasting service" means a broadcasting service which transmits programmes by means of a telecommunication service, other than a radiocommunication service, as defined in the Postal and Telecommunications Act [Chapter 12:05], for reception at two or more places, whether simultaneously or at different times;

"commercial broadcasting service" means a free-to-air (radio or television) broadcasting service operated for profit or as part of a profit-making enterprise which—

(a) is intended or appears to be intended to appeal to the general public; and

(b) is capable of being received by commonly available equipment; and

(c) otherwise complies with any classification criteria that may be applicable to such a service in terms of subsection (2);

"commercial radio broadcasting service" means a commercial audio-broadcasting service;

"commercial television broadcasting service" means an audio-visual commercial broadcasting service;

"community broadcasting service" means a free-to-air (radio or television) broadcasting service not operated for profit or as part of a profit-making enterprise which—

(a) provides programmes—

(i) for community purposes; and

(ii) is capable of being received by commonly available equipment; and

(b) does not broadcast programmes or advertisements on behalf of any political party; and

(c) otherwise complies with any classification criteria that may be applicable to such a service in terms of subsection (2);

"control" includes control as a result of or by means of trusts, agreements, arrangements, understandings or practices whether or not having legal or equitable force and whether or not based on legal or equitable rights;

"Corporation" means the Posts and Telecommunications Corporation as defined in the Postal and Telecommunications Act [Chapter 12:05], and includes any successor company of the Corporation formed in terms of that Act;

"datacasting service" means an information service that delivers information, whether in the form of data, text, speeches, images or any other form, to persons having equipment appropriate for receiving that information, where the delivery of the service uses the broadcasting service bands;

"diffusion service" includes the dissemination—

(a) by means of any conducting medium of the whole or any part of writing, signs, signals, pictures, impulses or sounds broadcast by a broadcasting service; or

(b) of music, speech, pictures or other data for information, education or entertainment purposes by means of any conducting medium connected to two or more items of apparatus specifically designed for the reproduction of sound, pictures or data; or

(c) of teletext and vertical blanking intervals;

"foreign donation or contribution"2 means a donation or contribution made otherwise than for commercial reasons alone by—

(a) a person who is not a permanent resident or citizen of Zimbabwe domiciled in Zimbabwe; or

(b) a company which is not incorporated in Zimbabwe or, if so incorporated, does not carry on business in Zimbabwe; or

(c) any association of persons, whether incorporated or unincorporated, that does not consist exclusively of permanent residents or citizens of Zimbabwe, domiciled in Zimbabwe;

"free-to-air broadcasting service" means any broadcasting service transmitted otherwise than by means of an encoded signal;

"International Telecommunication Constitution" means the International Telecommunication Constitution and Convention of the International Telecommunication Union signed in Geneva on the 22nd December, 1992, and the Regulations annexed thereto, or any other international telecommunication convention or agreement to which Zimbabwe may be a party and any regulations annexed thereto;

"licence" means a broadcasting licence or a signal carrier licence;

"licence area" bears the meaning assigned to that term in paragraph 1 of the First Schedule;

"licensee" means a holder of a broadcasting licence or signal carrier licence;

"Minister" means the Minister of State for Information and Publicity in the President’s Office or any other Minister to whom the President may, from time to time, assign the administration of this Act;

"member" means a member of the Board;

"national broadcasting service" means a free-to-air community or commercial broadcasting service whose licence area is the whole of Zimbabwe;

"newspaper" means a newspaper, journal, periodical or magazine;

"open narrowcasting service" means a broadcasting service, including a diffusion service—

(a) which is not made available to persons on payment of any subscription fee; and

(b) the reception of which is limited by reason of—

(i) being targeted to any special interest group or not being otherwise intended to appeal to the general public; or

(ii) being intended only for reception in particular locations, including arenas or business premises; or

(iii) being provided during a limited period or to cover a special event; or is limited for some other reason;

and

(c) otherwise complies with any classification criteria that may be applicable to such a service in terms of subsection (2);

"operate", in relation to—

(a) operating as a signal carrier, means carry or distribute signals on behalf of any broadcasting service; and

(b) operating a signal transmitting station, means install, work, maintain, develop or hire any apparatus comprising the signal transmitting station;

"political party or organisation" includes any group or organisation whose objective is the furtherance of the election of a person or persons to public office or the removal of a person or persons from such office;

"Postal and Telecommunications Authority" means the Postal and Telecommunications Authority established by section 3 of the Postal and Telecommunications Act [Chapter 12:05];

"public broadcaster" means the Zimbabwe Broadcasting Corporation referred to in section 3 of the Zimbabwe Broadcasting Corporation Act [Chapter 12:01] or any other broadcasting entity established by law which is wholly owned or controlled by the State;

"railcasting" means the broadcasting of pre-recorded programmes for reception by passengers of any railway service;

"roadcasting"3 means the broadcasting of pre-recorded programmes for reception by passengers of any public service vehicle as defined in the Road Traffic Act [Chapter 13:11];

"broadcasting" means the broadcasting of pre-recorded programmes for reception by passengers of any public service vehicle as defined in the Road Traffic Act [Chapter 13:11]

"securities", in relation to a body corporate, means shares, stock, debentures, bonds and other securities which entitle the holder of the securities to vote at meetings of, or exercise any control over, the body corporate;

"signal carrier" means a signal transmitting station that includes the apparatus for the transmission of a radio or television broadcasting service;

"signal transmitting station" means a radio transmitting station as defined in the Postal and Telecommunications Act [Chapter 12:05] or other station which is used for the purpose of transmitting a broadcasting service;

"subscription broadcasting service" includes a subscription satellite, subscription narrowcasting and subscription cable broadcasting service;

"subscription cable broadcasting service" means a broadcasting service, including a diffusion service, which—

(a) is made available to members of the general public on payment of a subscription fee, whether such payment is periodical or otherwise, and whether or not such fee is charged on its own or forms part of a fee for multiple services including the broadcasting service; and

(b) provides programmes intended, or that appear to be intended, to appeal to the general public; and

(c) otherwise complies with any classification criteria that may be applicable to such a service in terms of subsection (2);

"subscription narrowcasting service" means a broadcasting service, including a diffusion service—

(a) which is made available to persons on payment of a subscription fee, whether such payment is periodical or otherwise, and whether or not such fee is charged on its own or forms part of a fee for multiple services including the narrowcasting service; and

(b) the reception of which is limited by reason of—

(i) being targeted to any special interest group or not otherwise intended to appeal to the general public; or

(ii) being intended only for reception in particular locations, including arenas or business premises; or

(iii) being provided during a limited period or to cover a special event; or is limited for some other reason;

and

(c) otherwise complies with any classification criteria that may be applicable to such a service in terms of subsection (2);

"subscription satellite broadcasting service" means a broadcasting service which transmits programmes by satellite, whether by means of encoded or unencoded signals and—

(a) which is made available to persons on payment of a subscription fee, whether such payment is periodical or otherwise, and whether or not such fee is charged on its own or forms part of a fee for multiple services including the broadcasting service; and

(b) otherwise complies with any classification criteria that may be applicable to such a service in terms of subsection (2)4;

"webcasting service" means a computer-mediated broadcasting service.

(2) The Minister may, by notice in the Gazette

(a) determine additional criteria to those specified in the definition of any broadcasting service in terms of subsection (1); or

(b) clarify the criteria specified in the definition of any broadcasting service in terms of subsection (1); or

(c) for the purpose of distinguishing between categories of broadcasting services—

(i) determine other categories of broadcasting services; or

(ii) determine different criteria or make different clarifications for radio services and television services.

(3) Any reference in this Act to—

(a) the provision, reception or transmission of a broadcasting service includes the provision or reception within, or transmission to, from or within, Zimbabwe of such service transmitted by satellite or any other means;

(b) the operation in Zimbabwe of a broadcasting system, includes the operation in Zimbabwe of broadcasting apparatus that is connected to a broadcasting system operated outside Zimbabwe;

(c) the operation of a broadcasting system includes the operation of a telecommunications or cellular telecommunication system if, in addition to transmitting a broadcasting service, the system also transmits a telecommunications or cellular telecommunication service;

(d) the reception within Zimbabwe of a broadcasting service includes the reception within Zimbabwe of a broadcasting service transmitted by satellite or any other means.


1 Section amended by s. 10(a) of Act 26/2001.
2 Definition inserted by s. 10(b) of Act 26/2001 and amended by s. 2 of Act 6/2003.
3 Definition inserted by s. 2 of Act 6/2003 (original definition in this position erroneously defined "broadcasting" instead of "roadcasting").
4 See General Notice 330B of 2001, published in the Government Gazette Extraordinary of the 12th July, 2001.

Please credit www.kubatana.net if you make use of material from this website. This work is licensed under a Creative Commons License unless stated otherwise.

TOP