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Monthly Monitor – April 2013
Peace Project (ZPP)
May 25, 2013
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success of the COPAC driven constitutional
referendum held on 16 March 2013 set the stage for the holding
of hallmark elections that will lead to the death of the four and
half years old inclusive
government in Zimbabwe. The three major political parties in
the inclusive government did not waste time in launching their political
party campaigns in preparation for the watershed elections resulting
in an increase in incidents of politically motivated violence.
There were 519
violations recorded during the month of April a jump from the 382
witnessed during the month of March. The MDC-T immediately launched
its door to door campaigns across the country while Zanu PF continued
with its voter registration drive targeting 1 million first time
As a result
of the door to door campaigns and the voter registration drive 19
residents were arrested in Harare’s Hatcliffe on April 25,
2013 and charged with contravening Section 179 of the Criminal
Law (Codification and Reform) Act for allegedly impersonating
public officials. Police officers claimed that the residents who
were wearing T-shirts usually worn by officials from the Ministry
Home Affairs had three copies of the voters’ roll and between
18 to 25 April 2013 went around the high density suburb asking other
residents to check and confirm if their names were noted on the
voters roll and advising them to register to vote if their names
were missing. The police charged that the 19 residents misrepresented
themselves as officials from the Registrar General’s office.
The voter registration
exercise provided a fresh source of conflict as Zanu PF’s
Mashonaland East leadership accused the MDC-T of tampering with
the voters’ roll. State Security Minister Sydney Sekeramayi
who is also the Zanu PF secretary for security claimed last month
that they had unearthed massive irregularities on the voters’
roll where suspected MDC-T officials registered their supporters
using other people’s addresses and unoccupied, condemned hostels.
party fight between Zanu PF and the MDC-T continued during the month
as politicians fight to represent their respective parties in the
forthcoming general elections. Zanu PF’s intra-party fights
intensified in Manicaland with some top party stalwarts accusing
party secretary for administration Didymus Mutasa of fanning divisions
within the party. Mutasa is being accused of interfering with grass-root
structures - alleged conduct they described as likely to “disrupt
preparations for the forthcoming
harmonized elections”. The same could also be said for
the MDC-T in Manicaland as the party’s provincial executive
is divided over the selection of candidates to stand in the forthcoming
elections. Close to a 100 MDC-T supporters on last month picketed
their party provincial offices in Mutare demonstrating against the
disqualification of Mutasa South parliamentary candidate Regai Tsunga.
The divisions within the MDC-T in Manicaland also manifested themselves
through the fight between former Daily News Editor and aspiring
MDC-T MP Geoffrey Nyarota and Makoni South MP Pishai Muchauraya.
Nyarota is accusing the sitting MP of threatening to kill him.
About six Hurungwe
traditional chiefs from Mashonaland West allegedly petitioned President
Robert Mugabe asking him to sack Hurungwe East legislator Sarah
Mahoka on allegations of disregarding traditional customs and stealing
presidential inputs. Mahoka is a survivor of intra-party political
violence after a group of youths allegedly led by Themba Mliswa
assaulted her in February 2013.
A group of former
liberation war fighters led by Retired Army Captain David Juro allegedly
compiled a document alleging internal strife, candidate imposition
and meddling by the Central Intelligence Organization (CIO) in Zanu
PF Midlands Provincial politics ahead of the elections.
The month under
review was also marred with reports of defections and counter defections
as the political parties moved to showcase their alleged and perceived
growing support bases ahead of the polls. The defections were mainly
reported from the southern provinces of the country with reported
defections within the two MDC formations.
Day celebrations had their fair share of violations across the country
as villagers were forced to contribute towards the celebrations.
This year’s celebrations were however held in a relatively
peaceful manner with political party supporters from across the
political spectrum attending. Villagers from Mashonaland East were
ordered to donate US$2 or 5kg of maize meal towards the celebrations.
leader Jabulani Sibanda allegedly threatened political violence
while addressing a public lecture at Chinhoyi University of Technology
(CUT) on April 9, 2013. Sibanda likened MDC-T leader and Prime Minister
Morgan Tsvangirai to the devil accusing him of sabotaging the country.
The police from
Masvingo on Wednesday 24 April 2013 prohibited the Zimbabwe
Congress of Trade Unions from staging a procession on Wednesday
1 May 2013 in commemoration of Workers Day. The ZCTU had written
to the police notifying them of their intention to hold a procession
from Craft Centre to Mucheke Stadium, where the labour union would
commemorate the Workers Day festivities in Masvingo Province. But
the police turned down the ZCTU procession and ordered them to confine
themselves to just gathering at Mucheke Stadium adding that the
Zimbabwe Republic Police could not sanction the procession “due
to security reasons”.
During the month
under review the country witnessed very few incidents (27) of food
and other forms aid violations which were only concentrated in the
Midlands Province. This could be attributed to the fact that this
is the period when farmers would be harvesting their crops and do
not require any additional sources of aid.
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