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This article participates on the following special index pages:
New Constitution-making process - Index of articles
Mind the gap: A basic explanation of the legal process between the
Referendum and elections
Rights NGO Forum
provides a basic guide on what will happen next after the constitutional
1. The current
runs from 29 June 2008, a day after the day President Mugabe was
sworn in, until June 29, 2013.
2. Parliament must be dissolved before 29 June 2013, failing which
it shall automatically stand dissolved on 29 June 2013.
3. An election must then be held no later than 90 days from the
date of dissolution of Parliament, that is, by 27 September 2013.
4. The Constitution must now be gazetted and Parliament must then
debate and pass it 30 days from the date it was gazetted, then the
President signs it into law.
5. The majority of the provisions will come into effect immediately
after Presidential assent with a minority provisions coming into
effect once a new President is sworn in.
6. A minimum of 30 days after the new Constitution comes in the
Zimbabwe Election Commission (ZEC) shall carry out voter registration
to enable those who are not registered to do so.
7. The President proclaims an election after the ZEC exercise.
8. Fourteen days must lapse between the President’s proclamation
to the nomination a court.
9. 58 days must pass between the proclamation and the election.
10. Adding up the maths, 30 + 30 + 58 = 118 (a little less than
11. Assuming that the Constitution was gazetted on 25 March, the
earliest date the election could be held will be about 25 July,
all things being equal.
12. If bits and bobs are factored in, Zimbabwe might need an additional
month to mop up other outstanding issues, therefore it remains to
be seen whether the President chooses the earlier or latter days
within the 90-day window after he has complied with all the steps
prescribed in the current constitution
and the Electoral
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Human Rights NGO Forum fact
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