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Zimbabwe's Robert Mugabe for genocide
Chair of the International Campaign to End Genocide, based in Washington,
DC and Capetown, South Africa, today called for prosecution of President
Robert Mugabe and other Zimbabwean leaders for genocide and crimes
against humanity for the "Gukurahundi," the mass murder
of over 20,000 Matabele citizens of Zimbabwe in 1983 and 1984.
is no statute of limitations for genocide or crimes against humanity,"
said Dr. Gregory Stanton, President of Genocide Watch. "We
campaigned for over thirty years to bring the leaders of the Khmer
Rouge regime in Cambodia to justice for genocide and crimes against
humanity, and they are finally on trial. We call upon the United
Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights to conduct a full investigation
of the Gukurahundi, with the aim of establishing a mixed UN -
Zimbabwean Tribunal to put Mugabe and his co-perpetrators on trial
for their crimes. They think they have gotten away with mass murder.
It is time to end such impunity in Zimbabwe."
a special crime against humanity, because it must be intentionally
carried out against a national, ethnic, racial, or religious group.
The Gukurahundi meets the definition of genocide because it was
carried out by the North-Korean trained, exclusively Shona Fifth
Brigade under President Mugabe and it targeted ethnic Matabele people.
Shona youth militias, the notorious "green bombers,"
also participated in the genocide. These militias still exist, like
neo-Nazi groups, and conduct terror campaigns against opponents
of Mugabe's ZANU-PF in election campaigns. General Constantine
Chiwenga, Commander of the Zimbabwe Army, and Sidney Sekeramayi,
Minister of Defense, were senior officers directly involved in the
Gukurahundi occurred before establishment of the International Criminal
Court, the ICC would not have jurisdiction over the genocide. But
a mixed UN - Zimbabwean Criminal Tribunal could be created,
like the one established in Cambodia, to try Mugabe and other leaders
of the genocide. That would require defeat of the ZANU-PF regime
in the next election. Mugabe's ZANU-PF has stolen the last
two elections, but may lose the next one since they have destroyed
Zimbabwe's economy and have many opponents among both Shona
and Matabele groups. Prime Minister Morgan Tsvangirai, President
of the opposition Movement for Democratic Change, is himself Shona.
on the Gukurahundi published by the Catholic Commission of Justice
and Peace in 1997 thoroughly document the Gukurahundi genocide,
and subsequent reports by the African Commission for Human and People's
Rights of the African Union have strongly condemned President Mugabe
for abusing his people's human rights " with impunity."
for justice has come," said Dr. Stanton. "Mugabe's
reign of terror is near its end."
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