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New Constitution-making process - Index of articles
living with HIV re-affirm their demand for the inclusion of the
right to health in the new constitution
Zimbabwe National Network for People Living with
September 28, 2011
Health and Rights Advocacy roundtable, which is facilitated by the
Zimbabwe National Network of People Living with HIV and AIDS (ZNNP+)
including its partner support groups and the HIV/AIDS, Human Rights
and Law Project of Zimbabwe
Lawyers for Human Rights, highlights the following issues in
relation to the constitution
making process in Zimbabwe:
- People living
with HIV should be represented and meaningfully engaged at every
level of the remaining consultation in the constitution making
- There is
need to recognize the right to health as a basic justiciable and
enforceable right that should be guaranteed in the new constitution.
This recognition should identify the right to health as encompassing
the provision of adequate and quality health care, diagnostic
testing, access to treatment, free anti-retroviral drugs (ARVs)
to those who need them and transparency in the administration
of health resources.
- There should
be a national monitoring body or mechanism to oversee, enforce
and promote the enjoyment of all basic rights to be provided for
in the new constitution.
- There is
a need to ensure that the right to a standard of living adequate
for health and well-being becomes a justiciable and enforceable
part of the new constitution's Bill of Rights . This should
include the right to food, shelter and clean water and sanitation.
people living with HIV in Zimbabwe continue to face grave challenges
in accessing treatment, social services, basic health care, education
and other socio-economic rights. It is important to highlight
the need for an expanded Bill of Rights in the new constitution
with provisions on non-discrimination that apply expressly to
the rights of people living with HIV and chronic illnesses.
- There is
need to develop a constitutionally mandated and financially accountable
Social Security System that also includes National Health Insurance
funded by the state. People living with HIV, People living with
disabilities, the elderly, orphans and vulnerable children should
especially benefit from this system.
- The state
should provide men, women and children in prisons and all places
of detention with free, timely and uninterrupted anti-retroviral
therapy, adequate food, clothing, bedding and access to qualified
medical professionals, as the need arises.
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