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incidence has declined in Zimbabwe - UN Report
incidence of HIV in Zimbabwe is still among the highest in the world,
the percentage of adults living with the virus has declined and
the number of new infections has decreased over the past five years,
the Joint United Nations Programme on HIV/AIDS (UNAIDS) said today.
change has accelerated these declines beyond what would have been
expected given the natural dynamics of HIV infection. The changes
in behaviour include increased condom use in non-regular partnerships,
commencing in the mid-1990s, and reductions in rates of sexual partner
change," its report, entitled "Evidence for HIV Decline in Zimbabwe,"
A photo in the
report shows an employee of a local non-governmental organization
(NGO) called Family AIDS Caring Trust, Esta Zimombe, distributing
free condoms near the market and bus station in the town of Mutare.
the review of epidemiological and behavioural data by a team that
included research staff from Britain's Imperial College, the prevalence
of HIV among pregnant women declined from 26 per cent in 2002 to
21 per cent last year, and other data showed a similar trend.
against allowing the decline to lead to complacency and says the
challenge is to ensure that the downward trend is sustained. "Additional
years of data are required before it can be established whether
the decline in HIV prevalence is temporary, or would - in the absence
of widespread treatment - be long-term," the agency says.
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