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Zimbabwe's Elections 2013 - Index of Articles
by His Excellency the President of the Republic of Zimbabwe, Comrade
Robert Gabriel Mugabe during the General Debate of the 68th session
of the United Nations Generally Assembly, New York, on September
President Robert Gabriel Mugabe
September 26, 2013
Your Excellency, the
President of the 68tb Session of the United Nations General Assembly,
Mr. John William Ashe,
Your Excellences, Heads of State and Government,
Your Excellency, the Secretary-General of the United Nations, Mr.
Ladies and Gentlemen,
Comrades and Friends
Let me begin by extending
warmest congratulations to you Mr. John William Ashe, on your election
as President of the 68tb Session of the General Assembly. Your election
to this esteemed office is a befitting tribute to the personal and
diplomatic qualities that you have exhibited over the years.
the world, peace and development have remained the dominant themes
of our times. People all over the world have been raising their
voices in favour of peace, development and cooperation and against
war, poverty and confrontation. Here at the UN we all acknowledge
that peace, security, development and human rights are the pillars
of the UN system and the cornerstones of our collective well-being.
In this regard, the theme
for this Session - The Post-2015 Agenda: Setting the Stage - is
quite pertinent and timely as it gives fresh impetus to our undertaking
that achieving the internationally agreed Development Goals, including
the MDGs and mapping the way forward beyond 2015, requires our collective
efforts. The UN, as the centre for international cooperation, should
lead in promoting the envisaged development.
years ago, our global efforts were mobilised behind the Millennium
Development Goals (MDGs) and we now have less that 1,000 days to
meet those targets. Our review and stock taking exercise reveal
that while there have been some significant achievements, there
are still gaps and unevenness in the attainment of these goals.
In the case of Zimbabwe, we have made progress towards achieving
universal access to primary education, combating HIV/AIDS, malaria
Some of the goals, however,
are, due to lack of capacity, mainly financial, off track and in
some areas, progress has stalled including in those areas relating
to the eradication of poverty and hunger, child mortality, universal
access to maternal and reproductive health, environmental sustainability
and access to potable water and sanitation.
As a country, we are
committed to undertake coordinated efforts to accelerate progress
to complete the unfinished business of the MDGs in the remaining
period to 2015. Any unachieved goals by then, should be integrated
into the post-2015 development agenda.
Zimbabwe fully shares
and supports the emerging consensus that eradicating poverty in
all its dimensions should be the overarching goal of our post 2015
agenda. Eradicating poverty by 2030 may be an ambitious goal, but
it is attainable if we mobilise our collective efforts. Building
on the foundation of the MDGs, the post 2015 agenda should go beyond
the social development agenda of the MDGs and achieve structural
transformation in our economies that delivers inclusive and sustainable
We expect a shift that
will bring about industrialisation, decent jobs and qualitative
change to the lives of our citizens. We are determined to modernise
our infrastructure and ensure access to sustainable energy for all,
food security and nutrition. However, we recognise that we cannot
do this in isolation from other partners.
In the same vein, we
also support calls to prioritise gender equality, the health related
MDGs, education and environmental sustainability in the post-2015
development agenda among other issues. These are critical issues
in our quest to achieve sustainable development for all our people.
The lofty objectives
of the UN Charter in the economic arena will remain unfulfilled
unless all Member States join in efforts genuinely and seriously,
to address challenges that developing countries face in their pursuit
of development including meeting the MDGs.
It is therefore imperative
that our discussions address what has so far been the weakest link
– the means of implementation. It must be understood that
in addition to national efforts, substantial international support
and an enabling international economic environment are essential
if the MDGs are to be achieved by 2015 especially in Africa. It
is therefore important to fulfil the commitments made to support
Africa in various international fora. The UN should track the fulfilment
of these commitments.
Zimbabwe supports the
reform of the UN to strengthen its central role in promoting multilateralism
and to be effective in tackling current and future global challenges.
We are convinced that the reform will strengthen the organisation's
capacity to fully promote and implement the principles and objectives
of the UN Charter and improve its democratic decision making.
In this regard, the reforms
in the economic and social actions of the UN remain of fundamental
importance to us. Our firm belief in multilateral cooperation means
that we place a premium in the ability of the United Nations system
to deliver efficient development co-operation.
The democratic transformation
of the architecture of the international financial system is quintessential
as is a root-and-branch reform of the international trading system.
The terms of trade have hugely burdened developing countries for
Zimbabwe supports the
ongoing efforts to revitalize the General Assembly which is the
most representative organ of the United Nations. We believe that
the General Assembly should take the lead in setting the global
agenda and restore its primacy that has over the years been encroached
upon by other organs.
We cannot accept situations
whereby the UN Security Council is increasingly encroaching on issues
that traditionally fall within the General Assembly's purview and
competence, including in the area of norm setting.
Indeed, recent events
have revealed that its formal decisions have provided camouflage
to neo-imperialist forces of aggression seeking to militarily intervene
in smaller countries in order to effect regime change and acquire
complete control of their wealth. This was so in Libya where in
the name of protecting civilians, NATO forces were deployed with
an undeclared mission to eliminate Muammar Gaddafi and his family.
A similar campaign had been undertaken in Iraq by the Bush and Blair
forces in the false name of eradicating weapons of mass destruction
which Saddam Hussein never possessed.
We appreciate the central
role that UN should play in furthering multilateralism in preference
to unilateralism. In this regard, we applaud the consultations and
negotiations on the eventual destruction of the chemical weapons
in Syria. My country expresses its gratitude and appreciation to
Russia and China for their principled stand on Syria. We hope and
trust that the Syrian people will soon sit in dialogue to discuss
peace and desirable political reforms. Those western countries in
pursuit of hegemony as they pretend to be advocates of democracy
must be resisted.
For Africa, the reform
of the United Nations Security Council is especially long overdue.
The anachronistic and unrepresentative character of the Security
Council must be redressed. For how long should Africa continue to
be denied the right to play a pivotal role in the United Nations
Security Council as it decides measures on conflicts within its
The Security Council
needs to be more representative, democratic, transparent, accountable
and accessible to the wider membership for its decisions to have
more legitimacy. Africa's case for the correction of the glaring
historical injustice of being unrepresented in the permanent category
and under-represented in the non-permanent category has been made
through the clear, fair and well-articulated Ezulwini Consensus.
Zimbabwe remains steadfast in its support of the Ezulwini demand.
Zimbabwe strongly condemns
the use of unilateral economic sanctions as a foreign policy tool
to effect regime change. Thus, the illegal economic sanctions imposed
on Zimbabwe by the United States and the European Union violate
fundamental principles of the United Nations Charter on state sovereignty
and non-interference in the domestic affairs of a sovereign state.
Moreover, these illegal
sanctions continue to inflict economic deprivation and human suffering
on all Zimbabweans. In the eyes of our people, the sanctions constitute
a form of hostility and violence against them for the simple crime
of undertaking the land reform programme by which land was put in
the hands of the then majority landless Zimbabweans.
Our small and peaceful
country is threatened daily by covetous and bigoted big powers whose
hunger for domination and control of other nations and their resources
knows no bounds. Shame, shame, shame to the United States of America.
Shame, shame, shame to Britain and its allies. Zimbabwe is for Zimbabweans,
so are its resources. Please remove your illegal and filthy sanctions
from my peaceful country. If these sanctions were intended to effect
regime change, well, the results of the recent national elections
have clearly shown you what they can do.
We are preached to daily
by the west on the virtues of democracy and freedom which they do
not totally espouse. Zimbabwe took up arms precisely to achieve
our freedom and democracy. Yet we have been punished by United States
through the odious Zimbabwe Democracy and Economic Recovery Act
enacted in 2001 to effect regime change in the country.
Now, this malicious
intent to continue the relentless persecution of our small and peaceful
country has happened again through the USA's rejection of the recent
absolutely democratic and fair election results of our July
31st general elections, even as they were applauded by the African
Union and all our regional organisations.
It appears that when
the USA and its allies speak of democracy and freedom they are doing
so only in relative terms. Zimbabwe however, refuses to accept that
these western detractors have the right to define democracy and
freedom for us. We paid the ultimate price for it and we are determined
never to relinquish our sovereignty and remain masters of our destiny.
As we have repeatedly asserted, Zimbabwe will never be a colony
I thank you.
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