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This article participates on the following special index pages:

  • Zimbabwe's Elections 2013 - Index of Articles

  • SADC citizens’ election attitudes
    August 14, 2013

    View this article on the Afrobarometer website

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    Survey methodology

    Nationally representative sample of adult citizens

    • All respondents are randomly selected
    • Every adult citizen has an equal and known chance of being selected

    Face-to-face interviews in the language of the respondent ’ s choice

    Standard survey instrument across all countries for comparability

    The survey interviewed 1, 200 citizens in smaller countries like Lesotho and 2, 400 in larger countries. A sample of this size yields results with a margin of error of +/-2.0 % at the 95 % confidence level.

    Fieldwork for Round 5 in SADC countries was conducted between October 2011 and January 2013.

    Afrobarometer ’ s work in Southern Africa was coordinated by IDASA and fieldwork was carried out by research consultants and universities.


    • Absolute majorities of SADC residents say that elections are essential to democracy
    • Majorities of residents in most countries say their elections are free and fair
    • Zimbabwe is an outlier on almost all questions related to elections – with more people saying the most recent election was unfair, and reporting intimidation and offering of gifts in exchange for votes

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