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of the Organ Troika on Politics, Defence and Security Cooperation
March 31, 2011
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Republic of Zambia
1. The Troika
Summit of the Organ on Politics, Defence and Security Cooperation
met in Livingstone, Republic of Zambia, on 31 March 2011 to Consider
the political security in the region, in particular in the Republics
of Madagascar and Zimbabwe.
2. Summit was
chaired by H.E. Rupiah Bwezani Banda, Chairperson of Organ on Politics
Defence and Security Cooperation and President of the Republic of
3. Summit was
attended by the following Heads of State and Government:
- Namibia H.E.
President Hifikepunye Pohamba Chairperson of SADC
- South Africa
H.E. President Jacob G. Zuma, Deputy Chairperson of the organ
H.E. President Armando Emilio Guebuza
4. Also in attendance
were H.E. Robert G. Mugabe, President of the Republic of Zimbabwe,
Right. Hon. Morgan Tsvangirai, Prime Minister; Hon. Deputy Prime
Minister Professor Arthur Mutambara; Professor Welshman Ncube, President
of MDC-N and Dr. Tomaz Augusto Solomão, Executive Secretary
5. Summit congratulated
H.E. Jakaya Mrisho Kikwete, President of the United Republic of
Tanzania and his party Chama Cha Mapinduzi (CCM) for winning the
general elections in November 2010.
6. Summit recalled
and reiterated its decisions of March 2009 on the urgent need to
restore constitutional order in Madagascar and pledged full support
to the SADC Mediation team in its efforts to help Malagasy people
in finding a lasting solution to the crisis facing the country.
7. Summit considered
the report of the SADC Mediator and notified the development of
the roadmap for returning the country to constitutional normalcy.
8. Summit decided
to recommend the convening of an Extraordinary Summit to further
consider the Madagascar Report as a matter of urgency.
9. Summit urged
all Malagasy Political Actors to reject violence or threat to use
violence during transition.
10. Summit committed
to consolidate and protect the achievements made in the mediation
process and urge all political parties to cooperate and support
the work of the SADC Meditation towards the free, fair and credible
11. Summit reiterated
that the Malgacho-Malgache Dialogue continue to be guided by consensus,
inclusivity and transparency.
12. Summit commended
His Excellency Joaquim A. Chissano, former President of the Republic
of Mozambique, and SAC Mediator on Madagascar for his efforts in
finding the lasting solution for Madagascar crisis.
13. On Zimbabwe,
Summit received the report on the political and security situation
in the country as presented by the SADC Facilitator H.E. Jacob Zuma,
the President of the Republic of South Africa.
14. Summit appreciated
the frankness with which the report was presented by the SADC Facilitator
and recommended him for the work that he has been doing on behalf
15. Summit recalled
past SADC decisions on the implementation of the GPA
and noted with disappointment insufficient progress thereof and
expressed its impatience in the delay of the implementation of the
16. Summit noted
with grave concern the polarization of the political environment
as characterized by, inter alia, resurgence of violence, arrests
and intimidation in Zimbabwe.
17. In view
of the above, Summit resolved that:
(a) there must
be an immediate end of violence, intimidation, hate speech, harassment,
and any other form of action that contradicts the letter and spirit
(b) all stakeholders
to the GPA should implement all the provisions of the GPA and create
a conducive environment for peace, security and free political activity;
(c) the Inclusive
Government in Zimbabwe should complete all steps necessary for the
holding of the lection including the finalizations of the constitutional
amendment and the referendum;
(d) SADC should
assist Zimbabwe to formulate guidelines that will assist in holding
an election that will be peaceful, free and fair, in accordance
with the SADC Principles
and Guidelines Governing Democratic elections;
(e) the Troika
of the Organ shall appoint a team of officials to join the Facilitation
Team and work with the Joint Monitoring and Implementation Committee
(JOMIC) to ensure monitoring, evaluation and implementation of the
GPA. The Troika shall develop the Terms of Reference, time frames
and provide regular progress report, the first, to be presented
during the next SADC Extraordinary Summit. Summit will review progress
on the implementation of GPA and take appropriate action.
18. Summit endorses
the report of the SADC Facilitation on Zimbabwe.
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