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Communiqué of the Organ Troika on Politics, Defence and Security Cooperation
March 31, 2011

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Livingstone, Republic of Zambia

1. The Troika Summit of the Organ on Politics, Defence and Security Cooperation met in Livingstone, Republic of Zambia, on 31 March 2011 to Consider the political security in the region, in particular in the Republics of Madagascar and Zimbabwe.

2. Summit was chaired by H.E. Rupiah Bwezani Banda, Chairperson of Organ on Politics Defence and Security Cooperation and President of the Republic of Zambia.

3. Summit was attended by the following Heads of State and Government:

  • Namibia H.E. President Hifikepunye Pohamba Chairperson of SADC
  • South Africa H.E. President Jacob G. Zuma, Deputy Chairperson of the organ
  • Mozambique H.E. President Armando Emilio Guebuza

4. Also in attendance were H.E. Robert G. Mugabe, President of the Republic of Zimbabwe, Right. Hon. Morgan Tsvangirai, Prime Minister; Hon. Deputy Prime Minister Professor Arthur Mutambara; Professor Welshman Ncube, President of MDC-N and Dr. Tomaz Augusto Solomão, Executive Secretary of SADC.

5. Summit congratulated H.E. Jakaya Mrisho Kikwete, President of the United Republic of Tanzania and his party Chama Cha Mapinduzi (CCM) for winning the general elections in November 2010.

6. Summit recalled and reiterated its decisions of March 2009 on the urgent need to restore constitutional order in Madagascar and pledged full support to the SADC Mediation team in its efforts to help Malagasy people in finding a lasting solution to the crisis facing the country.

7. Summit considered the report of the SADC Mediator and notified the development of the roadmap for returning the country to constitutional normalcy.

8. Summit decided to recommend the convening of an Extraordinary Summit to further consider the Madagascar Report as a matter of urgency.

9. Summit urged all Malagasy Political Actors to reject violence or threat to use violence during transition.

10. Summit committed to consolidate and protect the achievements made in the mediation process and urge all political parties to cooperate and support the work of the SADC Meditation towards the free, fair and credible elections.

11. Summit reiterated that the Malgacho-Malgache Dialogue continue to be guided by consensus, inclusivity and transparency.

12. Summit commended His Excellency Joaquim A. Chissano, former President of the Republic of Mozambique, and SAC Mediator on Madagascar for his efforts in finding the lasting solution for Madagascar crisis.

13. On Zimbabwe, Summit received the report on the political and security situation in the country as presented by the SADC Facilitator H.E. Jacob Zuma, the President of the Republic of South Africa.

14. Summit appreciated the frankness with which the report was presented by the SADC Facilitator and recommended him for the work that he has been doing on behalf of SADC.

15. Summit recalled past SADC decisions on the implementation of the GPA and noted with disappointment insufficient progress thereof and expressed its impatience in the delay of the implementation of the GPA.

16. Summit noted with grave concern the polarization of the political environment as characterized by, inter alia, resurgence of violence, arrests and intimidation in Zimbabwe.

17. In view of the above, Summit resolved that:

(a) there must be an immediate end of violence, intimidation, hate speech, harassment, and any other form of action that contradicts the letter and spirit of GPA;

(b) all stakeholders to the GPA should implement all the provisions of the GPA and create a conducive environment for peace, security and free political activity;

(c) the Inclusive Government in Zimbabwe should complete all steps necessary for the holding of the lection including the finalizations of the constitutional amendment and the referendum;

(d) SADC should assist Zimbabwe to formulate guidelines that will assist in holding an election that will be peaceful, free and fair, in accordance with the SADC Principles and Guidelines Governing Democratic elections;

(e) the Troika of the Organ shall appoint a team of officials to join the Facilitation Team and work with the Joint Monitoring and Implementation Committee (JOMIC) to ensure monitoring, evaluation and implementation of the GPA. The Troika shall develop the Terms of Reference, time frames and provide regular progress report, the first, to be presented during the next SADC Extraordinary Summit. Summit will review progress on the implementation of GPA and take appropriate action.

18. Summit endorses the report of the SADC Facilitation on Zimbabwe.

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