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Talks, dialogue, negotiations and GNU - Post June 2008 "elections" - Index of articles
of Understanding between Zanu PF and the two MDC formations
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We the Parties
to this Memorandum of Understanding;
the recent challenges that we have faced as a country and the multiple
threats to the well-being of our people;
to putting an end to the polarisation, divisions, conflict and intolerance
that have characterised our country's politics;
build a society free of violence, fear, intimidation, hate, patronage,
corruption and founded on justice, fairness, openness, transparency,
dignity and equality;
the centrality and importance of African institutions in dealing
with African problems, and agreeing to seek solutions to our differences,
challenges and problems through dialogue under the auspices of the
SADC mediation, supported and endorsed by the African Union;
that we have an obligation of establishing a framework of working
together in an inclusive government;
of entering into a dialogue with a view to returning Zimbabwe to
that such a dialogue requires agreement on procedures and processes
that will guide the dialogue.
agree as follows:
of Understanding' ("MOU") shall mean this written
agreement signed by the Principals.
shall mean ZANU-PF, the two MDC formations led by Morgan Tsvangirai
and by Arthur Mutambara respectively.
shall mean the President and First Secretary of ZANU-PF, Robert
Gabriel Mugabe, the President of the one MDC formation, Morgan Richard
Tsvangirai and the President of the other MDC formation, Arthur
Guseni Oliver Mutambara.
hereby declare and agree to commit themselves to a dialogue with
each other with a view to creating a genuine, viable, permanent
and sustainable solution to the Zimbabwean situation and, in particular,
to implement this Memorandum of Understanding.
will be represented by two representatives each in the dialogue.
have agreed to the following Agenda:
and Priorities of a new Government
of economic stability and growth
(iii) Land question
(ii) Promotion of equality, national healing and cohesion, and
(iv)Free political activity
(v) Rule of law
(vi) State organs and institutions
(vii) Legislative agenda priorities
of persons and prevention of violence
(ii) External radio stations
for a new Government
4.4 Global political
shall be facilitated in accordance with the SADC and AU resolutions.
commenced on 10 July 2008 and will continue until the Parties have
finalised all necessary matters, save for short breaks that may
be agreed upon for purposes of consultation. It is envisaged that
the Dialogue will be completed within a period of two weeks from
the date of signing of
shall be conducted at such venues as shall be determined by the
Facilitator in consultation with the representatives of the Parties.
with the media
None of the
Parties shall, during the Dialogue period, directly or indirectly
communicate the substance of the discussion with the media. The
parties shall refrain from negotiating through the media, whether
through their representatives to the Dialogue or any of their Party
by the Parties
shall not, during the subsistence of the Dialogue, take any decisions
or measures that have a bearing on the agenda of the Dialogue, save
by consensus. Such decisions or measures include, but are not limited
to the convening of Parliament or the formation of a new government.
Party will issue a statement condemning the promotion and use
of violence and call for peace in the country and shall take
all measures necessary to ensure that the structures and institutions
it controls are not engaged in the perpetration of violence.
Parties are committed to ensuring that the law is applied fairly
and justly to all persons irrespective of political affiliation.
Parties will take all necessary measures to eliminate all forms
of political violence, including by non-state actors, and to
ensure the security of persons and property.
Parties agree that, in the interim, they will work together
to ensure the safety of any displaced persons and their safe
return home and that humanitarian and social welfare organisations
are enabled to render such assistance as might be required.
shall refrain from using abusive language that may incite hostility,
political intolerance and ethnic hatred or undermine each other.
The role of SADC and the AU
of the Global Political Agreement that the Parties will conclude
shall be underwritten and guaranteed by the Facilitator, SADC and
Execution of the agreement
shall be signed by the Principals in the presence of each other
and shall be witnessed by the Facilitator.
Signed at Harare
this day of 2008.
Robert G. Mugabe
Morgan R. Tsvangirai
Arthur G. O.
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