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Operation Murambatsvina - Countrywide evictions of urban poor - Index of articles
present damning blitz report to donors
Augustine Mukaro/ Grace Kombora, The Zimbabwe Independent
organisations are set to present a
damning report on the impact of Operation Murambatsvina to a
donors' round-table today, a move that could shape the international
community's response to Zimbabwe's appeal for money to finance the
special envoy on Human Settlement Issues in Zimbabwe, Anna Kajimulo
Tibaijuka, presented her findings on the clean-up campaign to the
UN secretary-general Kofi Annan and Zimbabwe ambassador to the US
Boniface Chidyausiku on Wednesday. The report is expected to be
made public either today or Monday.
Annan in a statement
this week said he was becoming "increasingly concerned" about housing
evictions and demolitions in Zimbabwe. Analysts have said Annan's
statement set the tone for the main report which is expected to
be a major indictment of the government.
This comes as
the UNDP office in Harare this week announced that it had started
to co-ordinate humanitarian efforts to help those affected by the
tsunami. It has already set aside US$100 000. The UNDP office also
said it would continue to engage the government on the humanitarian
implications of the clean-up campaign to "ensure that the government
adheres to its international obligations as enshrined in the relevant
The UNDP said
a UN Habitat programme officer in Harare would be appointed soon.
The post would be filled by a Zimbabwean.
"The post needs
someone who is familiar with this country, so a Zimbabwean national
will be suitable for the post," the UNDP said.
a survey carried out by ActionAid International-Southern Africa
Partnership Programme in collaboration with the Combined Harare
Residents Association show that the widely condemned operation led
to the destruction of urban-poor dwellings, livelihoods, vending
stalls and the confiscation of goods and property of informal traders
worth millions of dollars.
"It is estimated
that over 55 000 households in 52 sites across the country (were
destroyed) and between 250 000-500 000 people have been rendered
homeless or forced to migrate to the rural areas," the report says.
more than 30 000 people were arrested and fined in the process."
which was conducted in 26 of Harare's 45 wards, reaching 14 137
homesteads, shows that the worst affected victims were the traditionally
vulnerable groups. Traditionally vulnerable groups include households
hosting orphans and the chronically ill, as well as female, elderly
and child-headed households.
percent of the visited homesteads in the 26 wards were affected
by the operation in varying proportions and different ways. Effects
of the operation included loss of accommodation, livelihoods resulting
in children dropping out from school," the report says.
The report also
said 73% of urban dwellers were engaged in informal trading prior
to the clean-up, implying that they were adversely affected.
source of the livelihoods that was disrupted by the operation include
tuckshops, flea markets, fruit and vegetable vending, offering accommodation,
cross border traders and other small traders in which the traditionally
vulnerable groups were mainly involved," the report says.
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