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Draft Constitution for Zimbabwe
Constitutional Assembly (NCA)
January 31, 2002
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This Draft Constitution
is being put forward to the people of Zimbabwe by the National Constitutional
Assembly (NCA). In doing this, the NCA is acting on behalf, and
under the instructions, of a wide spectrum of stakeholders who include:
thousands of individual Zimbabweans in the NCA; churches and other
religious groups; trade unions; women’s organisations; youth groups
and student movements; human rights organisations; media groups,
political parties and Members of Parliament.
met as an ALL STAKEHOLDERS CONFERENCE on 31 March 2001 under the
auspices of the NCA to agree on, and define, a process of bringing
about a new, democratic and genuinely people driven constitution.
The conference itself was the culmination of work on constitutional
reform by the NCA stretching over a period of four years.
At its inception
in May 1997, the NCA insisted that constitutional reform in this
country must be guided by the golden principle that IT IS
AN INALIENABLE RIGHT of the PEOPLE TO MAKE A CONSTITUTION
FOR THEMSELVES. This principle remains at the core of the
This draft constitution
was put together after taking into account all the inputs which
the NCA, working through its own structures and those of its member
institutions, received between May, 1997 and 01 December, 2001 (a
period of 41/2 years). It also accommodates the views, which Zimbabweans
have expressed in other fora such as the Constitutional Commission
The All Stakeholders
Conference of 31 March 2001, mandated the NCA to publish the first
Draft Constitution by 30 September 2001. Acting in terms of that
mandate, the NCA launched the 1st Draft on 28 September
2001 and thereafter the following events took place.
- For the whole
of October and November 2001, members of the public studied and
debated the 1st Draft Constitution.
- The NCA,
during that period of October and November 2001, facilitated an
extensive exchange of views on the draft, isolating areas of consensus
- On 01 December
2001, the NCA convened an ALL STAKEHOLDERS CONSTITUTIONAL CONFERENCE,
which was attended by the widest possible cross-section of Zimbabweans
to debate the draft and agree on a Final Draft.
This is now
the Final Draft, which from the evidence available to the NCA, has
been endorsed by a broad section of the people of Zimbabwe. It is
being presented to the government of Zimbabwe with a DEMAND that
it be enacted into law. The Government must among other things,
facilitate the holding of a referendum on any future Constitution
of Zimbabwe. The NCA will be leading a process of ensuring that
Zimbabwe eventually has a new, democratic and people-driven constitution.
This Final Draft represents such a constitution and the NCA will
advocate for its enactment into law.
a summary of the main features of this draft constitution
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